acctsh: chargefee, ckpacct, dodisk, lastlogin, monacct, nulladm, prctmp, prdaily, prtacct, shutacct, startup, turnacct -- shell procedures for accounting


/usr/lib/acct/chargefee login-name number

/usr/lib/acct/ckpacct [ blocks ]

/usr/lib/acct/dodisk [ -o ] [ files ]


/usr/lib/acct/monacct number

/usr/lib/acct/nulladm file

/usr/lib/acct/prctmp [ files ]

/usr/lib/acct/prdaily [ -l ] [ -c ] [ mmdd ]

/usr/lib/acct/prtacct file [ "heading" ]

/usr/lib/acct/shutacct [ "reason" ]


/usr/lib/acct/turnacct on | off | switch


chargefee can be invoked to charge a number of units to login-name. A record is written to /usr/adm/fee to be merged with other accounting records during the night.

ckpacct should be initiated via cron(C)). It periodically checks the size of /usr/adm/pacct. If the size exceeds blocks, 1000 by default, turnacct will be invoked with argument switch. If the number of free disk blocks in the /usr file system falls below 500, ckpacct will automatically turn off the collection of process accounting records via the off argument to turnacct. When at least this number of blocks is restored, the accounting will be activated again. This feature is sensitive to the frequency at which ckpacct is executed, usually by cron.

dodisk should be invoked by cron to perform the disk accounting functions. By default, it will do disk accounting on the special files in /etc/default/filesys. If the -o flag is used, it will do a slower version of disk accounting by login directory. files specify the one or more filesystem names where disk accounting will be done. If files are used, disk accounting will be done on these file systems only. If the -o flag is used, files should be mount points of mounted filesystems. If omitted, they should be the special file names of mountable file systems.

lastlogin is invoked by runacct(ADM) to update /usr/adm/acct/sum/loginlog, which shows the last date on which each person logged in.

monacct should be invoked once each month or each accounting period. number indicates which month or period it is. If number is not given, it defaults to the current month (01-12). This default is useful if monacct is to be executed via cron on the first day of each month. monacct creates summary files in /usr/adm/acct/fiscal and restarts summary files in /usr/adm/acct/sum.

nulladm creates file with mode 664 and ensures that owner and group are adm. It is called by various accounting shell procedures.

prctmp can be used to print the session record file (normally /usr/adm/acct/nite/ctmp created by acctcon(ADM)). It takes one or more file names as arguments; otherwise it reads from the standard input.

prdaily is invoked by runacct to format a report of the previous day's accounting data. The report resides in /usr/adm/acct/sum/rprtmmdd where mmdd is the month and day of the report. The current daily accounting reports may be printed by typing prdaily. Previous days' accounting reports can be printed by using the mmdd option and specifying the exact report date desired. The -l flag prints a report of exceptional usage by login ID for the specified date. Previous daily reports are cleaned up and therefore inaccessible after each invocation of monacct. The -c flag prints a report of exceptional resource usage by command, and may be used on current day's accounting data only.

prtacct can be used to format and print any total accounting (tacct) file.

shutacct may be invoked during a system shutdown to turn process accounting off and append a ``reason'' record to /etc/wtmp.

startup may be called to turn the accounting on whenever the system is brought to a multiuser state. System accounting must have been enabled on the system using the acct_enable(ADM) command.

turnacct is an interface to accton (see acct(ADM)) to turn process accounting on or off. The switch argument turns accounting off, moves the current /usr/adm/pacct to the next free name in /usr/adm/pacctincr (where incr is a number starting with 1 and incrementing by one for each additional pacct file), then turns accounting back on again. This procedure is called by ckpacct and thus can be taken care of by the cron and used to keep pacct to a reasonable size. acct starts and stops process accounting via init and shutdown accordingly.


accumulator for fees

current file for per-process accounting

used if pacct gets large and during execution of daily accounting procedure

login/logoff summary

contains the limits for exceptional usage by login ID

contains the limits for exceptional usage by command name

working directory

holds all accounting commands listed in (ADM)

summary directory, should be saved

See also

acct(ADM), acct(FP), acct(S), acct_enable(ADM), acctcms(ADM), acctcom(ADM), acctcon(ADM), acctmerg(ADM), acctprc(ADM), cron(C), diskusg(ADM), fwtmp(ADM), runacct(ADM), utmp(F)

Standards conformance

chargefee, ckpacct, dodisk, lastlogin, monacct, prctmp, prdaily, prtacct, shutacct, startup and turnacct are conformant with AT&T SVID Issue 2.

nulladm is not part of any currently supported standard; it is an extension of AT&T System V provided by The Santa Cruz Operation, Inc.

© 2003 Caldera International, Inc. All rights reserved.
SCO OpenServer Release 5.0.7 -- 11 February 2003